Wildlife Diseases that Affect Humans
Baylisascaris procyonis, a roundworm infection of raccoons, is increasingly being recognized as a cause of severe
human disease. This larval infection can invade and damage body organs, including the brain and eyes. The public should be made aware
of the potential risks of exposure to raccoons and raccoon feces.
Cryptococcus neoformans is found in the droppings
of wild birds (such as pigeons). When dried bird droppings are stirred up, this can make dust containing Cryptococcus go into the
air. People can stir up this dust and then breathe it in when they work, play, or walk in areas where birds have been.
rare, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a deadly disease transmitted by infected rodents through urine, droppings, or saliva.
Humans can contract the disease when they breathe in aerosolized virus.
Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by the fungus
Histoplasma capsulatum. The fungus grows in soil and material contaminated with bat or bird droppings. Spores become airborne when
contaminated soil is disturbed. Breathing the spores causes infection.
Leptospira organisms have been found in rodents
and wild animals. Humans become infected through contact with water, food, or soil containing urine from these infected animals. This
may happen by swallowing contaminated food or water or through skin contact, especially with mucosal surfaces, such as the eyes or
nose, or with broken skin.
Ornithosis is an infectious respiratory disease caused by Chlamydia psittaci. Pigeons are most
commonly associated with the transmission of ornithosis to humans. Human infection can result from brief, passing exposure to infected
birds or their contaminated droppings.
Contracted from the bite of a rabid animal. It is also possible, but quite rare, that
people may get rabies if infectious material from a rabid animal, such as saliva, gets directly into their eyes, nose, mouth, or a
Rat-bite fever (RBF) is a systemic bacterial illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis that can be acquired
through the bite or scratch of a rodent or the ingestion of food or water contaminated with rat feces.
an infection with a bacteria called Salmonella. Salmonella live in the intestinal tracts of humans and other animals, including birds.
Salmonella are usually transmitted to humans by eating foods contaminated with animal feces.
A bacterial disease associated
with wildlife, especially rodents, rabbits, and hares. Typically, people become infected through the bite of infected insects (most
commonly, ticks and deerflies), by handling infected sick or dead animals, by eating or drinking contaminated food or water, or by
inhaling airborne bacteria.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Jamaica Plain MA
Manchester by the Sea
For your convenience and immediate
attention, Call 866-326-5565
FALAMOS PORTUGU S
Protecting your Home-Business-Health-Environment